schema:Thing > schema:MedicalEntity > schema:MedicalCondition > schema:InfectiousDisease

An infectious disease is a clinically evident human disease resulting from the presence of pathogenic microbial agents, like pathogenic viruses, pathogenic bacteria, fungi, protozoa, multicellular parasites, and prions. To be considered an infectious disease, such pathogens are known to be able to cause this disease.
PropertyExpected TypeDescription
Properties from schema:InfectiousDisease
schema:infectiousAgent schema:Text The actual infectious agent, such as a specific bacterium.
schema:infectiousAgentClass schema:InfectiousAgentClass The class of infectious agent (bacteria, prion, etc.) that causes the disease.
schema:transmissionMethod schema:Text How the disease spreads, either as a route or vector, for example 'direct contact', 'Aedes aegypti', etc.
Properties from schema:MedicalCondition
schema:associatedAnatomy schema:AnatomicalStructure  or
schema:AnatomicalSystem  or
The anatomy of the underlying organ system or structures associated with this entity.
schema:cause schema:MedicalCause An underlying cause. More specifically, one of the causative agent(s) that are most directly responsible for the pathophysiologic process that eventually results in the occurrence.
schema:differentialDiagnosis schema:DDxElement One of a set of differential diagnoses for the condition. Specifically, a closely-related or competing diagnosis typically considered later in the cognitive process whereby this medical condition is distinguished from others most likely responsible for a similar collection of signs and symptoms to reach the most parsimonious diagnosis or diagnoses in a patient.
schema:epidemiology schema:Text The characteristics of associated patients, such as age, gender, race etc.
schema:expectedPrognosis schema:Text The likely outcome in either the short term or long term of the medical condition.
schema:naturalProgression schema:Text The expected progression of the condition if it is not treated and allowed to progress naturally.
schema:pathophysiology schema:Text Changes in the normal mechanical, physical, and biochemical functions that are associated with this activity or condition.
schema:possibleComplication schema:Text A possible unexpected and unfavorable evolution of a medical condition. Complications may include worsening of the signs or symptoms of the disease, extension of the condition to other organ systems, etc.
schema:possibleTreatment schema:MedicalTherapy A possible treatment to address this condition, sign or symptom.
schema:primaryPrevention schema:MedicalTherapy A preventative therapy used to prevent an initial occurrence of the medical condition, such as vaccination.
schema:riskFactor schema:MedicalRiskFactor A modifiable or non-modifiable factor that increases the risk of a patient contracting this condition, e.g. age, coexisting condition.
schema:secondaryPrevention schema:MedicalTherapy A preventative therapy used to prevent reoccurrence of the medical condition after an initial episode of the condition.
schema:signOrSymptom schema:MedicalSignOrSymptom A sign or symptom of this condition. Signs are objective or physically observable manifestations of the medical condition while symptoms are the subjective experience of the medical condition.
schema:stage schema:MedicalConditionStage The stage of the condition, if applicable.
schema:subtype schema:Text A more specific type of the condition, where applicable, for example 'Type 1 Diabetes', 'Type 2 Diabetes', or 'Gestational Diabetes' for Diabetes.
schema:typicalTest schema:MedicalTest A medical test typically performed given this condition.
Properties from schema:MedicalEntity
schema:code schema:MedicalCode A medical code for the entity, taken from a controlled vocabulary or ontology such as ICD-9, DiseasesDB, MeSH, SNOMED-CT, RxNorm, etc.
schema:guideline schema:MedicalGuideline A medical guideline related to this entity.
schema:medicineSystem schema:MedicineSystem The system of medicine that includes this MedicalEntity, for example 'evidence-based', 'homeopathic', 'chiropractic', etc.
schema:recognizingAuthority schema:Organization If applicable, the organization that officially recognizes this entity as part of its endorsed system of medicine.
schema:relevantSpecialty schema:MedicalSpecialty If applicable, a medical specialty in which this entity is relevant.
schema:study schema:MedicalStudy A medical study or trial related to this entity.
Properties from schema:Thing
schema:additionalType schema:URL An additional type for the item, typically used for adding more specific types from external vocabularies in microdata syntax. This is a relationship between something and a class that the thing is in. In RDFa syntax, it is better to use the native RDFa syntax - the 'typeof' attribute - for multiple types. tools may have only weaker understanding of extra types, in particular those defined externally.
schema:alternateName schema:Text An alias for the item.
schema:description schema:Text A short description of the item.
schema:image schema:ImageObject  or
An image of the item. This can be a URL or a fully described ImageObject.
schema:name schema:Text The name of the item.
schema:potentialAction schema:Action Indicates a potential Action, which describes an idealized action in which this thing would play an 'object' role.
schema:sameAs schema:URL URL of a reference Web page that unambiguously indicates the item's identity. E.g. the URL of the item's Wikipedia page, Freebase page, or official website.
schema:url schema:URL URL of the item.

Prefixes used:

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  • Acknowledgements

    This class contains information contributed by WikiDoc. Version 1.1 Version 1.93
    Code Version 1.1