MedicalCause

schema:Thing > schema:MedicalEntity > schema:MedicalCause

The causative agent(s) that are responsible for the pathophysiologic process that eventually results in a medical condition, symptom or sign. In this schema, unless otherwise specified this is meant to be the proximate cause of the medical condition, symptom or sign. The proximate cause is defined as the causative agent that most directly results in the medical condition, symptom or sign. For example, the HIV virus could be considered a cause of AIDS. Or in a diagnostic context, if a patient fell and sustained a hip fracture and two days later sustained a pulmonary embolism which eventuated in a cardiac arrest, the cause of the cardiac arrest (the proximate cause) would be the pulmonary embolism and not the fall.

Medical causes can include cardiovascular, chemical, dermatologic, endocrine, environmental, gastroenterologic, genetic, hematologic, gynecologic, iatrogenic, infectious, musculoskeletal, neurologic, nutritional, obstetric, oncologic, otolaryngologic, pharmacologic, psychiatric, pulmonary, renal, rheumatologic, toxic, traumatic, or urologic causes; medical conditions can be causes as well.

PropertyExpected TypeDescription
Properties from schema:MedicalCause
schema:causeOf schema:MedicalEntity The condition, complication, symptom, sign, etc. caused.
Properties from schema:MedicalEntity
schema:code schema:MedicalCode A medical code for the entity, taken from a controlled vocabulary or ontology such as ICD-9, DiseasesDB, MeSH, SNOMED-CT, RxNorm, etc.
schema:guideline schema:MedicalGuideline A medical guideline related to this entity.
schema:medicineSystem schema:MedicineSystem The system of medicine that includes this MedicalEntity, for example 'evidence-based', 'homeopathic', 'chiropractic', etc.
schema:recognizingAuthority schema:Organization If applicable, the organization that officially recognizes this entity as part of its endorsed system of medicine.
schema:relevantSpecialty schema:MedicalSpecialty If applicable, a medical specialty in which this entity is relevant.
schema:study schema:MedicalStudy A medical study or trial related to this entity.
Properties from schema:Thing
schema:additionalType schema:URL An additional type for the item, typically used for adding more specific types from external vocabularies in microdata syntax. This is a relationship between something and a class that the thing is in. In RDFa syntax, it is better to use the native RDFa syntax - the 'typeof' attribute - for multiple types. Schema.org tools may have only weaker understanding of extra types, in particular those defined externally.
schema:alternateName schema:Text An alias for the item.
schema:description schema:Text A short description of the item.
schema:image schema:ImageObject  or
schema:URL 
An image of the item. This can be a URL or a fully described ImageObject.
schema:name schema:Text The name of the item.
schema:potentialAction schema:Action Indicates a potential Action, which describes an idealized action in which this thing would play an 'object' role.
schema:sameAs schema:URL URL of a reference Web page that unambiguously indicates the item's identity. E.g. the URL of the item's Wikipedia page, Freebase page, or official website.
schema:url schema:URL URL of the item.


Instances of schema:MedicalCause may appear as values for the following properties
PropertyOn TypesDescription
schema:cause schema:MedicalSignOrSymptom  or
schema:MedicalCondition 
An underlying cause. More specifically, one of the causative agent(s) that are most directly responsible for the pathophysiologic process that eventually results in the occurrence.

Prefixes used:

  • schema: http://schema.org/
  • Acknowledgements

    This class contains information contributed by WikiDoc.

    Examples

    <h1>Stable angina (angina pectoris)</h1>
    Stable angina is a medical condition that affects the heart. The
    most common causes are atherosclerosis and spasms of the
    epicardial artery. Typical symptoms include:
    <ul>
      <li>chest discomfort</li>
      <li>feeling of tightness, heaviness, or pain in the chest</li>
    </ul>
    Both stable angina and a heart attack result in chest pain, but
    a heart attack will have chest pain lasting at least
    10 minutes at rest, repeated episodes of chest pain at rest
    lasting 5 or more minutes, or an accelerating pattern of chest
    discomfort (episodes that are more frequent, severe,
    longer in duration, and precipitated by minimal exertion).
    <br>
    Risk factors for stable angina include:
    <ul>
      <li>Age</li>
      <li>Gender</li>
      <li>Systolic blood pressure</li>
      <li>Smoking</li>
      <li>Total cholesterol and/or cholesterol:HDL ratio</li>
      <li>Coronary artery disease</li>
    </ul>
    The initial treatment for stable angina is usually drug therapy
    with aspirin, beta blockers, ACE inhibitors, and/or nitroglycerine.
    Future episodes of stable angina can sometimes be prevented by
    stopping smoking, weight management, and increased physical activity.
    
    <div itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalCondition">
      <h1><span itemprop="name">Stable angina</span>
        (<span itemprop="alternateName">angina pectoris</span>)</h1>
      <span itemprop="code" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalCode">
        <meta itemprop="code" content="413"/>
        <meta itemprop="codingSystem" content="ICD-9"/>
      </span>
      Stable angina is a medical condition that affects the
      <span itemprop="associatedAnatomy" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/AnatomicalStructure">
        <span itemprop="name">heart</span>
      </span>.
      The most common causes are
      <span itemprop="cause" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalCause">
        <span itemprop="name">atherosclerosis</span>
      </span>
      and
      <span itemprop="cause" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalCause">
        <span itemprop="name">spasms of the epicardial artery</span>
      </span>.
      Typical symptoms include:
      <ul>
        <li><span itemprop="signOrSymptom" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalSymptom">
              <span itemprop="name">chest discomfort</span>
            </span>
        </li>
        <li><span itemprop="signOrSymptom" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalSymptom">
              <span itemprop="name">feeling of tightness, heaviness,
                or pain in the chest</span>
            </span>
        </li>
      </ul>
      Both stable angina and a
      <span itemprop="differentialDiagnosis" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/DDxElement">
        <span itemprop="diagnosis" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalCondition">
          <span itemprop="name">heart attack</span>
        </span>
        result in chest pain, but a heart attack will have
        <span itemprop="distinguishingSign" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalSymptom">
          <span itemprop="name">chest pain lasting at least 10 minutes at rest</span>
        </span>,
        <span itemprop="distinguishingSign" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalSymptom">
          <span itemprop="name">repeated episodes of chest pain at rest
            lasting 5 or more minutes
          </span>
        </span>, or
        <span itemprop="distinguishingSign" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalSymptom">
          <span itemprop="name">an accelerating pattern of
            chest discomfort (episodes that are more frequent, severe,
            longer in duration, and precipitated by minimal exertion)
          </span>
        </span>
      </span>.
      <br>
      Risk factors for stable angina include:
      <ul>
        <li><span itemprop="riskFactor" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalRiskFactor">
              <span itemprop="name">Age</span>
            </span></li>
        <li><span itemprop="riskFactor" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalRiskFactor">
              <span itemprop="name">Gender</span>
            </span></li>
        <li><span itemprop="riskFactor" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalRiskFactor">
              <span itemprop="name">Systolic blood pressure</span>
            </span></li>
        <li><span itemprop="riskFactor" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalRiskFactor">
              <span itemprop="name">Smoking</span>
            </span></li>
        <li><span itemprop="riskFactor" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalRiskFactor">
              <span itemprop="name">Total cholesterol and/or cholesterol:HDL ratio</span>
            </span></li>
        <li><span itemprop="riskFactor" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalRiskFactor">
              <span itemprop="name">Coronary artery disease</span>
            </span></li>
      </ul>
      The initial treatment for stable angina is usually drug therapy
      with
      <span itemprop="possibleTreatment" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Drug">
        <span itemprop="name">aspirin</span>
      </span>,
      <span itemprop="possibleTreatment" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/DrugClass">
        <span itemprop="name">beta blockers</span>
      </span>,
      <span itemprop="possibleTreatment" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/DrugClass">
        <span itemprop="name">ACE inhibitors</span>
      </span>, and/or
      <span itemprop="possibleTreatment" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Drug">
        <span itemprop="name">nitroglycerine</span>
      </span>,
      Future episodes of stable angina can sometimes be prevented by
      <span itemprop="secondaryPrevention" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/LifestyleModification">
        <span itemprop="name">stopping smoking</span>
      </span>,
      <span itemprop="secondaryPrevention" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/LifestyleModification">
        <span itemprop="name">weight management</span>
      </span>, and
      <span itemprop="secondaryPrevention" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/LifestyleModification">
        <span itemprop="name">increased physical activity</span>
      </span>.
    </div>
    
    <div vocab="http://schema.org/" typeof="MedicalCondition">
      <h1><span property="name">Stable angina</span>
        (<span property="alternateName">angina pectoris</span>)</h1>
      <span property="code"  typeof="MedicalCode">
        <meta property="code" content="413"/>
        <meta property="codingSystem" content="ICD-9"/>
      </span>
      Stable angina is a medical condition that affects the
      <span property="associatedAnatomy"  typeof="AnatomicalStructure">
        <span property="name">heart</span>
      </span>.
      The most common causes are
      <span property="cause"  typeof="MedicalCause">
        <span property="name">atherosclerosis</span>
      </span>
      and
      <span property="cause"  typeof="MedicalCause">
        <span property="name">spasms of the epicardial artery</span>
      </span>.
      Typical symptoms include:
      <ul>
        <li><span property="signOrSymptom"  typeof="MedicalSymptom">
              <span property="name">chest discomfort</span>
            </span>
        </li>
        <li><span property="signOrSymptom"  typeof="MedicalSymptom">
              <span property="name">feeling of tightness, heaviness,
                or pain in the chest</span>
            </span>
        </li>
      </ul>
      Both stable angina and a
      <span property="differentialDiagnosis"  typeof="DDxElement">
        <span property="diagnosis"  typeof="MedicalCondition">
          <span property="name">heart attack</span>
        </span>
        result in chest pain, but a heart attack will have
        <span property="distinguishingSign"  typeof="MedicalSymptom">
          <span property="name">chest pain lasting at least 10 minutes at rest</span>
        </span>,
        <span property="distinguishingSign"  typeof="MedicalSymptom">
          <span property="name">repeated episodes of chest pain at rest
            lasting 5 or more minutes
          </span>
        </span>, or
        <span property="distinguishingSign"  typeof="MedicalSymptom">
          <span property="name">an accelerating pattern of
            chest discomfort (episodes that are more frequent, severe,
            longer in duration, and precipitated by minimal exertion)
          </span>
        </span>
      </span>.
      <br>
      Risk factors for stable angina include:
      <ul>
        <li><span property="riskFactor"  typeof="MedicalRiskFactor">
              <span property="name">Age</span>
            </span></li>
        <li><span property="riskFactor"  typeof="MedicalRiskFactor">
              <span property="name">Gender</span>
            </span></li>
        <li><span property="riskFactor"  typeof="MedicalRiskFactor">
              <span property="name">Systolic blood pressure</span>
            </span></li>
        <li><span property="riskFactor"  typeof="MedicalRiskFactor">
              <span property="name">Smoking</span>
            </span></li>
        <li><span property="riskFactor"  typeof="MedicalRiskFactor">
              <span property="name">Total cholesterol and/or cholesterol:HDL ratio</span>
            </span></li>
        <li><span property="riskFactor"  typeof="MedicalRiskFactor">
              <span property="name">Coronary artery disease</span>
            </span></li>
      </ul>
      The initial treatment for stable angina is usually drug therapy
      with
      <span property="possibleTreatment"  typeof="Drug">
        <span property="name">aspirin</span>
      </span>,
      <span property="possibleTreatment"  typeof="DrugClass">
        <span property="name">beta blockers</span>
      </span>,
      <span property="possibleTreatment"  typeof="DrugClass">
        <span property="name">ACE inhibitors</span>
      </span>, and/or
      <span property="possibleTreatment"  typeof="Drug">
        <span property="name">nitroglycerine</span>
      </span>,
      Future episodes of stable angina can sometimes be prevented by
      <span property="secondaryPrevention"  typeof="LifestyleModification">
        <span property="name">stopping smoking</span>
      </span>,
      <span property="secondaryPrevention"  typeof="LifestyleModification">
        <span property="name">weight management</span>
      </span>, and
      <span property="secondaryPrevention"  typeof="LifestyleModification">
        <span property="name">increased physical activity</span>
      </span>.
    </div>
    
    <script type="application/ld+json">
    {
      "@context": "http://schema.org",
      "@type": "MedicalCondition",
      "alternateName": "angina pectoris",
      "associatedAnatomy": {
        "@type": "AnatomicalStructure",
        "name": "heart"
      },
      "cause": [
        {
          "@type": "MedicalCause",
          "name": "atherosclerosis"
        },
        {
          "@type": "MedicalCause",
          "name": "spasms of the epicardial artery"
        }
      ],
      "code": {
        "@type": "MedicalCode",
        "code": "413",
        "codingSystem": "ICD-9"
      },
      "differentialDiagnosis": {
        "@type": "DDxElement",
        "diagnosis": {
          "@type": "MedicalCondition",
          "name": "heart attack"
        },
        "distinguishingSign": [
          {
            "@type": "MedicalSymptom",
            "name": "chest pain lasting at least 10 minutes at rest"
          },
          {
            "@type": "MedicalSymptom",
            "name": "repeated episodes of chest pain at rest lasting 5 or more minutes"
          },
          {
            "@type": "MedicalSymptom",
            "name": "an accelerating pattern of chest discomfort (episodes that are more frequent, severe, longer in duration, and precipitated by minimal exertion)"
          }
        ]
      },
      "name": "Stable angina",
      "possibleTreatment": [
        {
          "@type": "Drug",
          "name": "aspirin"
        },
        {
          "@type": "DrugClass",
          "name": "beta blockers"
        },
        {
          "@type": "DrugClass",
          "name": "ACE inhibitors"
        },
        {
          "@type": "Drug",
          "name": "nitroglycerine"
        }
      ],
      "riskFactor": [
        {
          "@type": "MedicalRiskFactor",
          "name": "Age"
        },
        {
          "@type": "MedicalRiskFactor",
          "name": "Gender"
        },
        {
          "@type": "MedicalRiskFactor",
          "name": "Systolic blood pressure"
        },
        {
          "@type": "MedicalRiskFactor",
          "name": "Smoking"
        },
        {
          "@type": "MedicalRiskFactor",
          "name": "Total cholesterol and/or cholesterol:HDL ratio"
        },
        {
          "@type": "MedicalRiskFactor",
          "name": "Coronary artery disease"
        }
      ],
      "secondaryPrevention": [
        {
          "@type": "LifestyleModification",
          "name": "stopping smoking"
        },
        {
          "@type": "LifestyleModification",
          "name": "weight management"
        },
        {
          "@type": "LifestyleModification",
          "name": "increased physical activity"
        }
      ],
      "signOrSymptom": [
        {
          "@type": "MedicalSymptom",
          "name": "chest discomfort"
        },
        {
          "@type": "MedicalSymptom",
          "name": "feeling of tightness, heaviness, or pain in the chest"
        }
      ]
    }
    </script>
    

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