Review

schema:Thing > schema:CreativeWork > schema:Review

A review of an item - for example, of a restaurant, movie, or store.
PropertyExpected TypeDescription
Properties from schema:Review
schema:itemReviewed schema:Thing The item that is being reviewed/rated.
schema:reviewBody schema:Text The actual body of the review.
schema:reviewRating schema:Rating The rating given in this review. Note that reviews can themselves be rated. The reviewRating applies to rating given by the review. The aggregateRating property applies to the review itself, as a creative work.
Properties from schema:CreativeWork
schema:about schema:Thing The subject matter of the content.
schema:accessibilityAPI schema:Text Indicates that the resource is compatible with the referenced accessibility API (WebSchemas wiki lists possible values).
schema:accessibilityControl schema:Text Identifies input methods that are sufficient to fully control the described resource (WebSchemas wiki lists possible values).
schema:accessibilityFeature schema:Text Content features of the resource, such as accessible media, alternatives and supported enhancements for accessibility (WebSchemas wiki lists possible values).
schema:accessibilityHazard schema:Text A characteristic of the described resource that is physiologically dangerous to some users. Related to WCAG 2.0 guideline 2.3 (WebSchemas wiki lists possible values).
schema:accountablePerson schema:Person Specifies the Person that is legally accountable for the CreativeWork.
schema:aggregateRating schema:AggregateRating The overall rating, based on a collection of reviews or ratings, of the item.
schema:alternativeHeadline schema:Text A secondary title of the CreativeWork.
schema:associatedMedia schema:MediaObject A media object that encodes this CreativeWork. This property is a synonym for encoding.
schema:audience schema:Audience The intended audience of the item, i.e. the group for whom the item was created.
schema:audio schema:AudioObject An embedded audio object.
schema:author schema:Person  or
schema:Organization 
The author of this content. Please note that author is special in that HTML 5 provides a special mechanism for indicating authorship via the rel tag. That is equivalent to this and may be used interchangeably.
schema:award schema:Text An award won by this person or for this creative work. Supersedes schema:awards.
schema:character schema:Person Fictional person connected with a creative work.
schema:citation schema:Text  or
schema:CreativeWork 
A citation or reference to another creative work, such as another publication, web page, scholarly article, etc.
schema:comment schema:Comment  or
schema:UserComments 
Comments, typically from users, on this CreativeWork.
schema:commentCount schema:Integer The number of comments this CreativeWork (e.g. Article, Question or Answer) has received. This is most applicable to works published in Web sites with commenting system; additional comments may exist elsewhere.
schema:contentLocation schema:Place The location of the content.
schema:contentRating schema:Text Official rating of a piece of content—for example,'MPAA PG-13'.
schema:contributor schema:Person  or
schema:Organization 
A secondary contributor to the CreativeWork.
schema:copyrightHolder schema:Person  or
schema:Organization 
The party holding the legal copyright to the CreativeWork.
schema:copyrightYear schema:Number The year during which the claimed copyright for the CreativeWork was first asserted.
schema:creator bgn:Agent  or
schema:Person  or
schema:Organization 
The creator/author of this CreativeWork or UserComments. This is the same as the Author property for CreativeWork.
schema:dateCreated schema:Date The date on which the CreativeWork was created.
schema:dateModified schema:Date The date on which the CreativeWork was most recently modified.
schema:datePublished schema:Date Date of first broadcast/publication.
schema:discussionUrl schema:URL A link to the page containing the comments of the CreativeWork.
schema:editor schema:Person Specifies the Person who edited the CreativeWork.
schema:educationalAlignment schema:AlignmentObject An alignment to an established educational framework.
schema:educationalUse schema:Text The purpose of a work in the context of education; for example, 'assignment', 'group work'.
schema:encoding schema:MediaObject A media object that encodes this CreativeWork. This property is a synonym for associatedMedia. Supersedes schema:encodings.
schema:exampleOfWork schema:CreativeWork A creative work that this work is an example/instance/realization/derivation of.
Inverse property: schema:workExample.
schema:genre schema:Text Genre of the creative work or group.
schema:hasPart schema:CreativeWork Indicates a CreativeWork that is (in some sense) a part of this CreativeWork.
Inverse property: schema:isPartOf.
schema:headline schema:Text Headline of the article.
schema:inLanguage schema:Text The language of the content. please use one of the language codes from the IETF BCP 47 standard.
schema:interactionCount schema:Text A count of a specific user interactions with this item—for example, 20 UserLikes, 5 UserComments, or 300 UserDownloads. The user interaction type should be one of the sub types of UserInteraction.
schema:interactivityType schema:Text The predominant mode of learning supported by the learning resource. Acceptable values are 'active', 'expositive', or 'mixed'.
schema:isBasedOnUrl schema:URL A resource that was used in the creation of this resource. This term can be repeated for multiple sources. For example, http://example.com/great-multiplication-intro.html.
schema:isFamilyFriendly schema:Boolean Indicates whether this content is family friendly.
schema:isPartOf schema:CreativeWork Indicates a CreativeWork that this CreativeWork is (in some sense) part of.
Inverse property: schema:hasPart.
schema:keywords schema:Text Keywords or tags used to describe this content. Multiple entries in a keywords list are typically delimited by commas.
schema:learningResourceType schema:Text The predominant type or kind characterizing the learning resource. For example, 'presentation', 'handout'.
schema:license schema:URL  or
schema:CreativeWork 
A license document that applies to this content, typically indicated by URL.
schema:mentions schema:Thing Indicates that the CreativeWork contains a reference to, but is not necessarily about a concept.
schema:offers schema:Offer An offer to provide this item—for example, an offer to sell a product, rent the DVD of a movie, or give away tickets to an event.
schema:position schema:Text  or
schema:Integer 
The position of an item in a series or sequence of items.
schema:producer schema:Person  or
schema:Organization 
The person or organization who produced the work (e.g. music album, movie, tv/radio series etc.).
schema:provider schema:Person  or
schema:Organization 
The service provider, service operator, or service performer; the goods producer. Another party (a seller) may offer those services or goods on behalf of the provider. A provider may also serve as the seller. Supersedes schema:carrier.
schema:publisher schema:Organization The publisher of the creative work.
schema:publishingPrinciples schema:URL Link to page describing the editorial principles of the organization primarily responsible for the creation of the CreativeWork.
schema:recordedAt schema:Event The Event where the CreativeWork was recorded. The CreativeWork may capture all or part of the event.
Inverse property: schema:recordedIn.
schema:releasedEvent schema:PublicationEvent The place and time the release was issued, expressed as a PublicationEvent.
schema:review schema:Review A review of the item. Supersedes schema:reviews.
schema:sourceOrganization schema:Organization The Organization on whose behalf the creator was working.
schema:text schema:Text The textual content of this CreativeWork.
schema:thumbnailUrl schema:URL A thumbnail image relevant to the Thing.
schema:timeRequired schema:Duration Approximate or typical time it takes to work with or through this learning resource for the typical intended target audience, e.g. 'P30M', 'P1H25M'.
bgn:translationOfWork schema:CreativeWork The work that this work has been translated from. e.g. 物种起源 is a translationOf “On the Origin of Species”
Inverse property: bgn:workTranslation.
bgn:translator bgn:Agent  or
schema:Person  or
schema:Organization 
Organization or person who adapts a creative work to different languages, regional differences and technical requirements of a target market.
schema:typicalAgeRange schema:Text The typical expected age range, e.g. '7-9', '11-'.
schema:version schema:Number The version of the CreativeWork embodied by a specified resource.
schema:video schema:VideoObject An embedded video object.
schema:workExample schema:CreativeWork Example/instance/realization/derivation of the concept of this creative work. eg. The paperback edition, first edition, or eBook.
Inverse property: schema:exampleOfWork.
bgn:workTranslation schema:CreativeWork A work that is a translation of the content of this work. e.g. 西遊記 has an English workTranslation “Journey to the West”,a German workTranslation “Monkeys Pilgerfahrt” and a Vietnamese translation Tây du ký bình khảo.
Inverse property: bgn:translationOfWork.
Properties from schema:Thing
schema:additionalType schema:URL An additional type for the item, typically used for adding more specific types from external vocabularies in microdata syntax. This is a relationship between something and a class that the thing is in. In RDFa syntax, it is better to use the native RDFa syntax - the 'typeof' attribute - for multiple types. Schema.org tools may have only weaker understanding of extra types, in particular those defined externally.
schema:alternateName schema:Text An alias for the item.
schema:description schema:Text A short description of the item.
schema:image schema:URL  or
schema:ImageObject 
An image of the item. This can be a URL or a fully described ImageObject.
schema:name schema:Text The name of the item.
schema:potentialAction schema:Action Indicates a potential Action, which describes an idealized action in which this thing would play an 'object' role.
schema:sameAs schema:URL URL of a reference Web page that unambiguously indicates the item's identity. E.g. the URL of the item's Wikipedia page, Freebase page, or official website.
schema:url schema:URL URL of the item.


Instances of schema:Review may appear as values for the following properties
PropertyOn TypesDescription
schema:resultReview schema:ReviewAction A sub property of result. The review that resulted in the performing of the action.
schema:review schema:Product  or
schema:Offer  or
schema:CreativeWork  or
schema:Organization  or
schema:Place 
A review of the item. Supersedes schema:reviews.

Prefixes used:

  • schema: http://schema.org/
  • bgn: http://bibliograph.net/
  • Examples

    Kenmore White 17" Microwave
    <img src="kenmore-microwave-17in.jpg" alt='Kenmore 17" Microwave' />
    Rated 3.5/5 based on 11 customer reviews
    $55.00
    In stock
    Product description:
    0.7 cubic feet countertop microwave. Has six preset cooking categories and
     convenience features like Add-A-Minute and Child Lock.
    Customer reviews:
    Not a happy camper - by Ellie, April 1, 2011
    1/5 stars
    The lamp burned out and now I have to replace it.
     Value purchase - by Lucas, March 25, 2011
    4/5 stars
    Great microwave for the price. It is small and fits in my apartment.
    ...
    
    <div itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Product">
      <span itemprop="name">Kenmore White 17" Microwave</span>
      <img src="kenmore-microwave-17in.jpg" alt='Kenmore 17" Microwave' />
      <div itemprop="aggregateRating"
        itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/AggregateRating">
       Rated <span itemprop="ratingValue">3.5</span>/5
       based on <span itemprop="reviewCount">11</span> customer reviews
      </div>
      <div itemprop="offers" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Offer">
        <!--price is 1000, a number, with locale-specific thousands separator
        and decimal mark, and the $ character is marked up with the
        machine-readable code "USD" -->
        <span itemprop="priceCurrency" content="USD">$</span><span
              itemprop="price" content="1000.00">1,000.00</span>
        <link itemprop="availability" href="http://schema.org/InStock" />In stock
      </div>
      Product description:
      <span itemprop="description">0.7 cubic feet countertop microwave.
      Has six preset cooking categories and convenience features like
      Add-A-Minute and Child Lock.</span>
      Customer reviews:
      <div itemprop="review" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Review">
        <span itemprop="name">Not a happy camper</span> -
        by <span itemprop="author">Ellie</span>,
        <meta itemprop="datePublished" content="2011-04-01">April 1, 2011
        <div itemprop="reviewRating" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Rating">
          <meta itemprop="worstRating" content = "1">
          <span itemprop="ratingValue">1</span>/
          <span itemprop="bestRating">5</span>stars
        </div>
        <span itemprop="description">The lamp burned out and now I have to replace
        it. </span>
      </div>
      <div itemprop="review" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Review">
        <span itemprop="name">Value purchase</span> -
        by <span itemprop="author">Lucas</span>,
        <meta itemprop="datePublished" content="2011-03-25">March 25, 2011
        <div itemprop="reviewRating" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Rating">
          <meta itemprop="worstRating" content = "1"/>
          <span itemprop="ratingValue">4</span>/
          <span itemprop="bestRating">5</span>stars
        </div>
        <span itemprop="description">Great microwave for the price. It is small and
        fits in my apartment.</span>
      </div>
      ...
    </div>
    
    <div vocab="http://schema.org/" typeof="Product">
      <span property="name">Kenmore White 17" Microwave</span>
      <img src="kenmore-microwave-17in.jpg" alt='Kenmore 17" Microwave' />
      <div property="aggregateRating"
         typeof="AggregateRating">
       Rated <span property="ratingValue">3.5</span>/5
       based on <span property="reviewCount">11</span> customer reviews
      </div>
      <div property="offers"  typeof="Offer">
        <!--price is 1000, a number, with locale-specific thousands separator
            and decimal mark, and the $ character is marked up with the
            machine-readable code "USD" -->
        <span property="priceCurrency" content="USD">$</span><span
          property="price" content="1000.00">1,000.00</span>
        <link property="availability" href="http://schema.org/InStock" />In stock
      </div>
      Product description:
      <span property="description">0.7 cubic feet countertop microwave.
      Has six preset cooking categories and convenience features like
      Add-A-Minute and Child Lock.</span>
      Customer reviews:
      <div property="review"  typeof="Review">
        <span property="name">Not a happy camper</span> -
        by <span property="author">Ellie</span>,
        <meta property="datePublished" content="2011-04-01">April 1, 2011
        <div property="reviewRating"  typeof="Rating">
          <meta property="worstRating" content = "1">
          <span property="ratingValue">1</span>/
          <span property="bestRating">5</span>stars
        </div>
        <span property="description">The lamp burned out and now I have to replace
        it. </span>
      </div>
      <div property="review"  typeof="Review">
        <span property="name">Value purchase</span> -
        by <span property="author">Lucas</span>,
        <meta property="datePublished" content="2011-03-25">March 25, 2011
        <div property="reviewRating"  typeof="Rating">
          <meta property="worstRating" content = "1"/>
          <span property="ratingValue">4</span>/
          <span property="bestRating">5</span>stars
        </div>
        <span property="description">Great microwave for the price. It is small and
        fits in my apartment.</span>
      </div>
      ...
    </div>
    
    <script type="application/ld+json">
    {
      "@context": "http://schema.org",
      "@type": "Product",
      "aggregateRating": {
        "@type": "AggregateRating",
        "ratingValue": "3.5",
        "reviewCount": "11"
      },
      "description": "0.7 cubic feet countertop microwave. Has six preset cooking categories and convenience features like Add-A-Minute and Child Lock.",
      "name": "Kenmore White 17\" Microwave",
      "offers": {
        "@type": "Offer",
        "availability": "http://schema.org/InStock",
        "price": "55.00",
        "priceCurrency": "USD"
      },
      "review": [
        {
          "@type": "Review",
          "author": "Ellie",
          "datePublished": "2011-04-01",
          "description": "The lamp burned out and now I have to replace it.",
          "name": "Not a happy camper",
          "reviewRating": {
            "@type": "Rating",
            "bestRating": "5",
            "ratingValue": "1",
            "worstRating": "1"
          }
        },
        {
          "@type": "Review",
          "author": "Lucas",
          "datePublished": "2011-03-25",
          "description": "Great microwave for the price. It is small and fits in my apartment.",
          "name": "Value purchase",
          "reviewRating": {
            "@type": "Rating",
            "bestRating": "5",
            "ratingValue": "4",
            "worstRating": "1"
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    <a href="category/books.html">Books</a> >
     <a href="category/books-literature.html">Literature & Fiction</a> >
     <a href="category/books-classics">Classics</a>
    <img src="catcher-in-the-rye-book-cover.jpg"
      alt="cover art: red horse, city in background"/>
    The Catcher in the Rye - Mass Market Paperback
    by <a href="/author/jd_salinger.html">J.D. Salinger</a>
    4 stars - 3077 reviews
    Price: $6.99
    In Stock
    Product details
    224 pages
    Publisher: Little, Brown, and Company - May 1, 1991
    Language: English
    ISBN-10: 0316769487
    Reviews:
    5 stars - <b>"A masterpiece of literature" </b>
    by John Doe. Written on May 4, 2006
    I really enjoyed this book. It captures the essential challenge people face
    as they try make sense of their lives and grow to adulthood.
    4 stars - <b>"love it LOLOL111!" </b>
    by Bob Smith, Written on June 15, 2006
    Catcher in the Rye is a fun book. It's a good book to read.
    
    <body itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/WebPage">
    ...
    <div itemprop="breadcrumb">
      <a href="category/books.html">Books</a> >
      <a href="category/books-literature.html">Literature & Fiction</a> >
      <a href="category/books-classics">Classics</a>
    </div>
    <div itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Book">
    <img itemprop="image" src="catcher-in-the-rye-book-cover.jpg"
         alt="cover art: red horse, city in background" />
    <span itemprop="name">The Catcher in the Rye</span> -
     <link itemprop="bookFormat" href="http://schema.org/Paperback">Mass Market Paperback
    by <a itemprop="author" href="/author/jd_salinger.html">J.D. Salinger</a>
    <div itemprop="aggregateRating" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/AggregateRating">
      <span itemprop="ratingValue">4</span> stars -
      <span itemprop="reviewCount">3077</span> reviews
    </div>
    <div itemprop="offers" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Offer">
      Price: <span itemprop="price" content="6.99">$6.99</span>
      <meta itemprop="priceCurrency" content="USD" />
      <link itemprop="availability" href="http://schema.org/InStock">In Stock
    </div>
    Product details
    <span itemprop="numberOfPages">224</span> pages
    Publisher: <span itemprop="publisher">Little, Brown, and Company</span> -
     <meta itemprop="datePublished" content="1991-05-01">May 1, 1991
    Language: <span itemprop="inLanguage">English</span>
    ISBN-10: <span itemprop="isbn">0316769487</span>
    Reviews:
    <div itemprop="review" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Review">
      <span itemprop="reviewRating">5</span> stars -
      <b>"<span itemprop="name">A masterpiece of literature</span>" </b>
      by <span itemprop="author">John Doe</span>,
      Written on <meta itemprop="datePublished" content="2006-05-04">May 4, 2006
      <span itemprop="reviewBody">I really enjoyed this book. It captures the essential
      challenge people face as they try make sense of their lives and grow to adulthood.</span>
    </div>
    <div itemprop="review" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Review">
      <span itemprop="reviewRating">4</span> stars -
      <b>"<span itemprop="name">A good read.</span>" </b>
      by <span itemprop="author">Bob Smith</span>,
      Written on <meta itemprop="datePublished" content="2006-06-15">June 15, 2006
      <span itemprop="reviewBody">Catcher in the Rye is a fun book. It's a good book to read.</span>
    </div>
    </div>
    ...
    </body>
    
    <body vocab="http://schema.org/" typeof="WebPage">
    ...
    <div property="breadcrumb">
      <a href="category/books.html">Books</a> >
      <a href="category/books-literature.html">Literature & Fiction</a> >
      <a href="category/books-classics">Classics</a>
    </div>
    <div  typeof="Book">
    <img property="image" src="catcher-in-the-rye-book-cover.jpg"
        alt="cover art: red horse, city in background"/>
    <span property="name">The Catcher in the Rye</span> -
     <link property="bookFormat" href="http://schema.org/Paperback">Mass Market Paperback
    by <a property="author" href="/author/jd_salinger.html">J.D. Salinger</a>
    <div property="aggregateRating"  typeof="AggregateRating">
      <span property="ratingValue">4</span> stars -
      <span property="reviewCount">3077</span> reviews
    </div>
    <div property="offers"  typeof="Offer">
      Price: <span property="price" content="6.99">$6.99</span>
      <meta property="priceCurrency" content="USD" />
      <link property="availability" href="http://schema.org/InStock">In Stock
    </div>
    Product details
    <span property="numberOfPages">224</span> pages
    Publisher: <span property="publisher">Little, Brown, and Company</span> -
     <meta property="datePublished" content="1991-05-01">May 1, 1991
    Language: <span property="inLanguage">English</span>
    ISBN-10: <span property="isbn">0316769487</span>
    Reviews:
    <div property="review"  typeof="Review">
      <span property="reviewRating">5</span> stars -
      <b>"<span property="name">A masterpiece of literature</span>" </b>
      by <span property="author">John Doe</span>,
      Written on <meta property="datePublished" content="2006-05-04">May 4, 2006
      <span property="reviewBody">I really enjoyed this book. It captures the essential
      challenge people face as they try make sense of their lives and grow to adulthood.</span>
    </div>
    <div property="review"  typeof="Review">
      <span property="reviewRating">4</span> stars -
      <b>"<span property="name">A good read.</span>" </b>
      by <span property="author">Bob Smith</span>,
      Written on <meta property="datePublished" content="2006-06-15">June 15, 2006
      <span property="reviewBody">Catcher in the Rye is a fun book. It's a good book to read.</span>
    </div>
    </div>
    ...
    </body>
    
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          "author": "John Doe",
          "datePublished": "2006-05-04",
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          "reviewRating": "5"
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          "@type": "Review",
          "author": "Bob Smith",
          "datePublished": "2006-06-15",
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    BiblioGraph.net Version 1.1
    Code Version 1.1